Online Privacy: Taking Control of Your Digital Footprint

Discover expert insights and actionable tips to take charge of your digital footprint in the digital age. Our recent article provides invaluable guidance, helping you make informed decisions and fortify your online privacy. Start safeguarding your digital presence today!

In today's modern interconnected world, the influence of your online presence equals your real-life existence. Every click, search, or transaction adds to a growing data pool vulnerable to storage, sharing, and potential exploitation by different entities. With the rising threat of cyber attacks, it is imperative for you, as an internet user, to proactively safeguard your privacy and assume control over your digital footprint. A case study of Justine Sacco, a PR executive who tweeted a racist joke before boarding a flight to South Africa. By the time she landed, her tweet had gone viral and she was fired. Also, In 2022, a study by Texas A&M Today revealed that all phishing attacks require specific information about the targeted people, which can be obtained from their digital footprints. Cyber adversaries can employ openly accessible open-source intelligence-gathering tools to unveil the digital footprints of their intended targets.

The advent of the internet has fundamentally transformed how we engage, work, and conduct various activities. While it offers convenience and vast opportunities, it also presents challenges concerning privacy and security. Your digital footprint, denoting the information you inadvertently disclose as you navigate the online space, can divulge intricate details about your identities, interests, behaviours, and vulnerabilities. This digital trail encompasses far more than merely social media posts or online transactions; it includes your email correspondences, search histories, and even the devices you use. In an era where data holds immense value, safeguarding your privacy is a paramount concern. Within this article, we will explore strategies and optimal approaches to fortify privacy, minimise exposure to risks, and regain control over your online presence.

What is a Digital Footprint?

Digital footprint refers to the trail of data we leave behind as we engage in various online activities. From social media interactions to online purchases, creating accounts, subscribing to newsletters, checking the weather, participating in surveys, or sharing articles, each action leaves digital traces that can be collected, analysed, and used to build an intricate profile of our preferences, behaviours, and even identities. Your digital footprint covers all facets of your online engagement, including:


In essence, your digital footprint represents the imprint of your online presence and activities, creating a digital record of your online identity and behaviour. It is imperative to acknowledge that this digital trail is accessible to companies, hackers, and even government agencies, thereby posing significant threats to your privacy and overall security.

Pros and cons of Digital Footprints

A digital footprint, the trace of one's online activities, carries advantages and disadvantages in our increasingly connected world. On the one hand, it can enhance personal and professional opportunities, creating a positive online reputation and fostering valuable connections. On the other hand, the digital footprint can expose organisations and individuals to privacy risks and potential misuse of personal data. Let’s explore the pros and cons of digital footprints.



Brand Enhancement: Whether you're an individual or an organisation, your digital footprints can be a powerful tool to strengthen and promote your brand. It enables the display of skills, expertise, and values.

Privacy Vulnerabilities: Excessive online exposure carries privacy risks, making individuals and organisations susceptible to data breaches, identity theft, or reputational damage.

Networking Opportunities: A positive digital footprint opens doors to valuable connections. Individuals and organisations can easily link up with potential collaborators, partners, or clients, expanding their network.

Reputation Deterioration: Inappropriate content or negative feedback can tarnish the reputation of individuals and organisations, impacting relationships and credibility.

Gaining Customer Insights: Analysing digital footprints allows organisations to gain valuable insights into customer preferences and behaviours, facilitating data-driven decision-making.

Data Security Concerns: Storing sensitive data online comes with risks, including the potential for financial and legal consequences if that data falls into the wrong hands

Career Advancement and Organisational Growth: A positive online image can significantly benefit individuals in job searches, while organisations can use it to draw top talent.

Cybersecurity Threats: Individuals and organisations become vulnerable to cyberattacks, such as phishing, malware, and ransomware, which can result in financial losses and data breaches.

Managing Our Digital Footprints

Digital footprints have multifaceted impacts on both individuals and organisations, encompassing opportunities for growth and engagement, as well as risks related to privacy, security, and reputation management. The side of the coin you belong to is a function of how you manage your digital footprints as either an individual or an Organisation. Hence, careful management and protection of digital prints is essential in today's interconnected digital landscape.

How to Manage Your Digital Footprints as an Individual

  • Adjust Privacy Settings: Take advantage of privacy settings on various online platforms including, social media and devices, to limit the collection of your data and control over who can access it. This can be done by periodically reviewing privacy settings to manage who can see your information and posts.
  • Limit Personal Information Sharing: Exercise caution when initiating online connections. Avoid sharing personal details including your address, phone number, and other sensitive information, and steer clear of suspicious links or attachments to protect yourself from potential threats.
  • Utilize VPNs (Virtual Private Networks): Enhance your online security by considering using a VPN to encrypt and secure connections over the internet, which guarantees your confidentiality and privacy from prying eyes. VPNs also provide a robust shield against unauthorized access, thereby enhancing online security significantly.
  • Monitor Your Digital Presence:  It is essential to monitor your digital presence by conducting periodic online searches of your name to assess publicly available information. In the event of inaccuracies or undesirable details, it is crucial to take proactive measures to rectify them. This diligent approach is essential for upholding a favourable online reputation.

How to Manage Digital Footprints as an Organisation

  • Cybersecurity awareness training: Implementing a robust cybersecurity awareness program within the organisation is a fundamental step in managing digital footprints. This initiative involves periodic training sessions and engaging cybersecurity experts or specialists to provide in-depth insights and educate employees about cybersecurity best practices. These sessions serve as a crucial defence against data breaches resulting from human error.
  • Data encryption: This is valuable for managing digital prints by ensuring that sensitive information is protected during transmission and storage. This security measure helps organizations control their digital footprint by reducing the risk of data exposure or breaches, ultimately enhancing their online reputation and data privacy practices.
  • Establish Information Security Policies: Organisations should establish proper IS policies like Privacy Policies to inform customers and employees about data collection and usage, fostering trust and compliance and also Data Retention Policies, which help limit unnecessary data storage by reducing the exposure of sensitive information and simplifying data management.
  • Periodic Information Security Audits: Implementing periodic information security audits as a routine assessment of the digital infrastructure serves as a proactive measure aimed at pinpointing potential vulnerabilities and areas for improvement. By systematically evaluating the security protocols and technologies in place, these audits provide valuable insights, enabling organisations to identify risk areas that require strengthening.
  • Conduct a Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing: Organisations should contract the expertise of external security professionals to a Vulnerability Assessment which entails identifying and analyzing potential weaknesses within the organisation's network, systems, and applications. Also, Penetration Testing, involves simulated cyber-attacks on the organisation's systems to exploit identified vulnerabilities. The combined approach of Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing provides valuable insights into an organisation's security posture and reveals existing footprints that lead to an organisation's network and infrastructure.
  • Business Operations Resilience: Organisations must establish comprehensive frameworks to anticipate and effectively manage potential incidents. This entails the formulation and implementation of meticulous Business Continuity Plans (BCP), Disaster Recovery Plans (DRP), and Incident Response Plans. These protocols can be designed based on the business impact analysis conducted by an independent professional organisation to ensure swift and precise responses to unforeseen events. It would help in addressing incidents promptly and employing pre-defined strategies. Hence,  organisations can minimise the impact on their operations and reputation in case of eventualities.

Emerging Trends in Managing Digital Footprints  

Numerous evolving trends are available for organisations to embrace, which are assisting in the management of digital footprints and, consequently, improving online privacy. Some of these trends include :

  • Increased Cybersecurity Awareness: There is growing awareness of the importance of managing digital footprints. Individuals and organisations recognise that the data they leave behind online can have significant implications for privacy, security, and reputation. This has called for the need for periodic cybersecurity awareness training for both individuals and organisations to enhance their understanding of digital footprints and how to manage them effectively. This includes educating employees about cybersecurity best practices and privacy protection.
  • Privacy-Centric Approach in Cybersecurity: Cybersecurity and privacy concerns are seamlessly woven into the development of digital products and services right from the beginning. This method, known as "Privacy by Design" in the realm of cybersecurity, guarantees that privacy is not relegated to a secondary position but is an essential component of every digital system. This enhances user trust and ensures adherence to privacy regulations.
  • Cutting-Edge Privacy-Protecting Solutions: Breakthrough technologies such as homomorphic encryption and secure multi-party computation facilitate data processing while preserving the confidentiality of sensitive information. These innovations are instrumental in maintaining privacy during data analytics and collaborations within the cybersecurity landscape.
  • Data Privacy Regulations and the Imperative for Audit Firms: In response to the rising concerns over data privacy, governments and regulatory bodies are introducing stringent regulations like GDPR and NDPR. To adhere to these regulations, organisations will need to make compliance a top priority, emphasizing the crucial role of audit firms in ensuring robust digital footprint management practices.
  • AI and Automation in Digital Footprint Management: The utilization of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and automated technologies is set to revolutionize digital footprint management. Cutting-edge tools powered by AI are capable of efficiently monitoring and analyzing online activities. These AI-driven solutions empower individuals and organisations to make well-informed decisions regarding their digital presence. For instance, tools like BrandShield and Webhose are prime examples of this technology.


By taking control of your digital footprints, individuals and organisations can mitigate risks associated with data breaches, identity theft, and intrusive surveillance. Engaging cybersecurity experts for services like Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing (VAPT) and Cybersecurity awareness training is crucial. VAPT helps identify and address vulnerabilities in digital systems, enhancing security, while awareness training educates employees about the risks and how to protect themselves and sensitive information. It is also important to carry out a periodic information security audit to be conducted by trained professionals where a detailed examination is done including network security, access controls, data encryption, incident response procedures, etc will be done. By implementing the steps outlined above and maintaining a vigilant mindset, we can regain control over our personal information, ensuring a safer and more secure online experience. Remember, your online privacy is worth safeguarding - take charge of your digital footprint today and always.

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Fiyinfolu Okedare
Fiyinfolu Okedare Director - Technology & Digital Consulting Lagos

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